AWEJ for Translation & Literary Studies, Volume 8, Number 1. February 2024 Pp.195-206

Unmasking the Master Narrative: Exclusionary Practices and the Enslaved African Muslims Omar ibn Said, Bilali Muhammad, and Abdulrahman Ibrahima Sori

Programme of English Language and Literature
The Department of English Language
College of Language Sciences
King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudia Arabia


This study aims to investigate the exclusionary practices encountered by enslaved African Muslims in the antebellum United States, with an emphasis on how these practices shaped their lives. The significance of this study is that it sheds light on the challenges faced by individuals such as Omar ibn Said, Bilali Muhammad, and Abdulrahman Ibrahima Sori, offering insights into the workings of historical power structures. The guiding research question is: “In what ways did exclusionary practices impact the lives of the enslaved Muslims under study?” Utilizing a decolonial framework, inspired by the works of Walter Mignolo and Anibal Quijano, the study engages with concepts including the ‘master narrative’, ‘coloniality of power’, and ‘exclusionary practices’ to assess the legacy of oppression. The study contributes to the scholarship by providing a focused analysis of the experiences of enslaved Muslims, a topic that has received limited attention in historical and archival research. The conclusion will synthesize the discussion on exclusionary practices and the ‘master narrative’, reinforcing their importance in historical analysis.

Cite as:

Alotaibi, M. A. (2024). Unmasking the Master Narrative: Exclusionary Practices and the Enslaved African Muslims Omar ibn Said, Bilali Muhammad, and Abdulrahman Ibrahima Sori.  Arab World English Journal for Translation & Literary Studies 8 (1): 195-206.


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Mohrah Abdullah Alotaibi is a Ph.D. candidate at King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Her research interests include comparative literature, translation studies, slave narratives, and African Muslim slave narratives.
ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0009-0002-6803-1906