AWEJ for Translation & Literary Studies, Volume 7, Number 3. August 2023 Pp.99-108

Thematic Significance of Caves and River in A Passage to India by Edward Morgan Forster and Season of Migration to the North by Tayeb Salih

Manhal Abdulrahman Al Frayh

Department of English and Literature, College of Language and Translation,
Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, KSA


This paper shall discuss the thematic significance of caves from the novel A Passage to India by E.M. Forster and the river from the novel Season of Migration to the North by Tayeb Salih. It will compare the significance of Marabar Caves and Nile River by exploring the similarities and dissimilarities between them. This comparison shall be elaborated further by depicting the relationship of these places as natural sources and their influence on the characters from both the said novels. It will also describe an account revealing their mysterious nature with oodles of unanswered questions. Eventually, it shall conclude by elucidating the symbolic presence of these natural places (caves and river) in the respective novels. Also, how their existence proves helpful in taking the narration forward and how their nonexistence would have affected the theme of these two novels.

Cite as:

Alfrayh, M. A.  (2023). Thematic Significance of Caves and River in A Passage to India by Edward Morgan Forster and Season of Migration to the North by Tayeb Salih.  Arab World English Journal for Translation & Literary Studies 7 (3): 99-108.
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awejtls/vol7no3.7


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Dr. Manhal Abdulrahman Alfrayh is an Assistant Prof of Literary Studies at IMSIU, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Riyadh. She got her Ph.D. from IMSIU in 2020. Currently, she is teaching Literature and Literary Studies courses at the IMSIU. Dr. Manhal is experienced in curricula development, as well as in academic English Language and Translation. Interested in active research and paper publication. Highly skilled in process improvement and raising quality standards. Proud of Teamwork, collaboration, delegation, goal Setting, group Leadership. ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0009-0004-8433-7977