AWEJ for Translation & Literary Studies, Volume 4, Number2. May 2020                  Pp.105-119

The Quest for Algerian Linguistic Independence

Department of English Language, Faculty of Foreign Languages
King Khalid University, Abha
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia


The paper focuses on the eternal conflict between the existing languages in Algeria as a whole, starting from Berber language varieties through Tamazight to Arabic, then French, and the struggling issue in the Algerian linguistic network. It also examines the existing relationship between the patterns of Arabic language in Algeria, since it was considered as a foreign language until 1947, chiefly through, highlighting the relationship between Classical Arabic among Algerian society, and the language policy (Arabization) pursued since wrenching independence and the linguistic repercussions of the colonization period on Algerian Arabic. In this respect, among other findings, a foremost issue raised to highlight such a critical phenomenon; and that later leads to question the different realities between the Algerian National Constitution and daily practices among users. In other words, the new generation speakers face a natural barrier communicating with post-independence schooled generation. In this sense, the former represents the ‘Arabization’ policy pursued in Algeria; whereas, the latter is ‘francophone,’ considering the linguistic as well as the sociolinguistic repercussions that might outcome such contact in a country famed by the use of French among its diplomats as a language of instruction and discourse, whether as a formal discourse or informal speech. The research methodology is based on early retrospect works to denote such cross- conflicting status raised as a significant issue. Finally, the study recommended a siné- qua- non question which is, when will Algerians put an end to the different linguistic situations inherited after gaining their political independence in 1962?

Cite as:

Bessaid, A. (2020). The Quest for Algerian Linguistic Independence. Arab World English Journal for Translation & Literary Studies 4 (2)
105-119 .


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Abdelhamid Bessaid is an Assistant Professor of Sociolinguistics at the department of English/ College of Foreign Languages and Translation, King Khalid University, Abha, KSA. He worked at African University, Adrar, Algeria from 2005 to 2014. His scope of interest is language planning and policy, Sociolinguistic matters in the Arab World, and ESP. ID ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4665-4280