AWEJ for Translation & Literary Studies, Volume 8, Number 2 May 2024 Pp. 227- 240

The Psychological Impacts of Familial Distance and War in Maaza Mengiste’s Beneath the Lion’s Gaze and Inam Kachachi’s Tashari

Department of English Language and Literature, Faculty of Languages,
University of Kufa, Najaf, Iraq

Sarmad Saad Mohammed Sulaiman

Department of English Language, Faculty of Education,
University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq


Geographical movement has always had a significant impact on human life; it can be brought about by conflicts, wars, or other social or economic circumstances. Nostalgia emerges as a key factor, and the loss of home is portrayed as a significant disturbance for both physical and mental health. This study explores the impact of geographical movement on family relationships, particularly those caused by war. It examines how war can cause suffering by forcing displacement and emotional removal of people. The study depicts literary works like Maaza Mengiste’s Beneath the Lion’s Gaze (2010) and Inam Kachachi’s Tashari (2022), as they focus on familial relationships amidst socio-political upheaval. The main question of this study is what is the impact of personal or geographical displacement on civilians during war? Thus, it contends that disruptions in essential place relationships can lead to psychological disorders, highlighting the interconnectedness of attachment to people and places. Drawing from Mindy Thompson Fullilove’s insights, the study underscores the significance of a sense of place for human well-being. The literature reveals psychological challenges faced by those who are forced out of their lives due to war. It shows the correlation between displacement and mental distress

Cite as:

Al-Fahham, S.A.A., & Sulaiman, S.S.M.  (2024). The Psychological Impacts of Familial Distance and War in Maaza Mengiste’s Beneath the Lion’s Gaze and Inam Kachachi’s Tashari.  Arab World English Journal for Translation & Literary Studies 8 (1), 227- 240.


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Samer Ayad Ali Al-Fahham: assistant lecturer at the University of Kufa, Faculty of Languages, Department of English Language and Literature. He holds an MA degree in English literature from the University of Istanbul, Turkey. He taught at Cambridge Institute as a trainer in Iraq. He published two papers in international journals. He is interested in literary studies, stylistics, fiction, non-fiction, and critical theories.   ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0952-1788

Sarmad Sulaiman: holds M. A. in English literature. He is currently one of the teaching staff at the University of Baghdad, Faculty of Education, Department of English. He taught at Osoledeen University College in Baghdad for two years. He is interested in fiction and non-fiction books, education, and the academic field. ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0009-0006-1912-7177