AWEJ for Translation & Literary Studies, Volume 5, Number 1. February 2021 Pp. 279-295
Reading F.S. Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby through Aristotle’s Eyes: Friendship, Gifts, and
University Mouloud Mammeri of Tizi Ouzou, Algeria
Correspondent Author: email@example.com
University Mouloud Mammeri of Tizi Ouzou, Algeria
Received: 10/17/2020 Accepted: 1/19/2021 Published: 2/24/2021
This research explores the interlocked notions of friendship, community, gift, and commodity culture in Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby. It seeks to demonstrate that Fitzgerald’s ethical vision of friendship, community, the Bad, and the Good are deeply shaped by Aristotle’s works The Nicomachean Ethics, The Politics, and The Metaphysics. The extent to which Aristotle has shaped the form and contents of The Great Gatsby, a novel rightly described as a classic of its genre and how far the contentious aspect of its gendered and orientalized characterization can be traced to Fitzgerald’s dialogic relation with the Greek philosopher are among certain questions that this research addresses. The approach to the issue and the related questions stated above is eclectic. It draws its paradigms, partly from Bakhtin’s dialogical theory, partly from economic and cultural anthropology, and partly from postcolonial, historical theory of the type elaborated by Said and Fanon.
Key-words: Aristotle, 1920s America, community, commodities, friendship, Fitzgerald, gifts
Cite as: Henna, I. & Zerar, S. (2021). Reading F.S. Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby through Aristotle’s Eyes: Friendship, Gifts, and Commodities. Arab World English Journal for Translation & Literary Studies 5 (1) 279-295.
Appadurai, A. (1988). Introduction. In A. Appadurai (Ed.). The social life of things: Commodities in cultural perspective. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Aristotle. (1996). The Nicomachean Ethics. (R. Rackham, Trans.). London: Wordsworth Classics of World Literature.
Aristotle. (1998). The Metaphysics. (H. Lawson-Tancred, Trans.). London: Penguin Books.
Aristotle. (1992). The Politics. (T.A. Sinclair, Trans.). London: Penguin Books.
Bataille, G. (1991). The Accursed Share: An Essay on General Economy. Vol. I. Consumption. (R. Hurley, Trans.). New York: Zone Books.
Benjamin, W. (1969). Illuminations: Essays and Reflections. H. Arendt (Ed.). New York, NY.: Schocken Books.
Conrad, J. (1994). Heart of Darkness. London: Penguin Books.
Derrida, J. (1994). Given Time: I. Counterfeit Money. (P. Kamuf, Trans.). Chicago, IL., The University Press.
Finley, M. I. (1977). Le Monde d’Ulysse. Paris: Maspero.
Fitzgerald, F.S. (1994). The Great Gatsby. London: Penguin Books.
Frye, N. (1990) Anatomy of Criticism: Four Essays, Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Frye, N. (1976). The Secular Scripture: A Study of the Structure of Romance. Cambridge, MA.: Harvard University Press.
Godbout, J.T. (1998). The World of the Gift. (D. Winkler, Trans.). Montreal: McGill Queen’s University Press.
Gregory, C.A. (2015). Gifts and Commodities. Chicago, Il.: Hau Books.
Hegel, G. W. F. (2004). Introductory Lectures on Aesthetics. (B. Bosanquet, Trans.). London: Penguin Books.
Grimal, P. (1967). La Vie à Rome dans l’Antiquité. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.
Homer (1996). The Odyssey. (R. Fagles, Trans.). New York: Viking Press.
Hyde, L. (2007). The Gift: Creativity and the Artist in the Modern World. New York: Vintage Books.
Hyde, L. (1983). The Gift: Imagination and the Erotic Life of Property. New York: Vintage Books.
Licari, T.S. (2019). The Great Gatsby and the Suppression of War Experience. The F. Scott Fitzgerald Review, 17, 207-232.
Lingeman Richard, “A Consonance of Towns,” in Luther S. Luedtke, ed. Making America: The Society and Culture of the United States, Washington D.C.: United States Information Agency, 1995
Lukacs, G. (1971). The Theory of the Novel: A Historico-Philosophical Essay on the Forms of Great Epic Literature. (A. Bostock, Trans.). Cambridge, MA.: The Mitt Press.
Malinowski, B. (2018). Argonauts of the Western Pacific: An Account of Native Enterprise and Adventure in the Archipelagoes of Melanesian New Guinea. London: The Forgotten Books.
Mauss, M. (2007). The Gift: The Form and Reason for Exchange in Archaic Societies. London: Routledge.
Petronius, A. (2018). The Satyricon. (W.C. Firebaugh, Trans.) Retrieved Global Greyebooks. Com on January 2, 2018.
Plato. Phaedrus. (2002). In E. Hamilton & H.Cairns (Eds.). The Complete Dialogues of Plato Including the Letters. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Said, E.W. (1979). Orientalism: Western Conceptions of the Orient. (New York: Random House.
Shell, M. (1993). Money, language and thought: Literary and Philosophic Economies from the Medieval to the Modern Era. Baltimore: The John Hopkins University Press.
Schrift, A.D. (1997). Introduction. In A.D. Schrift, A.D. Trans.). The Logic of the Gift: Toward an Ethic of Generosity. New York: Routledge.
Vernant, J. P. (1965) Mythe et Pensée chez les Grecs. Paris : Maspero.
Weiner, A. B. (1992). Inalienable Possessions: The Practice of Keeping while Giving. Berkley, CA.: University of California Press.
Wolfsdorf, A. (2019). Mourning and melancholia in The Great Gatsby. The F. Scott Fitzgerald Review, 17, 232-247.