AWEJ for Translation & Literary Studies, Volume 2, Number 4. October 2018 Pp. 130 – 143
Postcolonial Resistance of Western Imperialist Ideology: Constructing Identities of Others
as Violent Savages
Menia Mohammad Almenia
Department of English Language and Translation
College of Arabic Language and Social Sciences
Buraidah, Saudi Arabia
This paper examines how hegemonic discourse, or the ideology of a dominant society has essentialized, fixed, and divided identities through the construction of binary division of Western’s ideology as civilized and Others as savages. The development of postcolonial theory will be introduced with special consideration to Said’s (1995) theory of Orientalism and Spivak’s (1988) concept of “silencing the Others.” Sample Western literary texts will show a concerted expression of colonial ideology supporting the concept of binary divisions. These will include The Tempest by William Shakespeare (1990), Robinson Crouse by Daniel Defoe (1899), Jane Eyre by Charlotte Bronte (2001), and Passage to India by E. M. Foster (1985). In contrast, literary works by minority authors, mainly postcolonialists, will be examined and considered according to how effectively they resist Western imperialist ideology.
Keywords: constructing, identities, ideology, others, postcolonial
Cites as: Almenia, M. M. (2018). Postcolonial Resistance of Western Imperialist Ideology: Constructing Identities of Others as Violent Savages. Arab World English Journal for Translation & Literary Studies, 2 (4). 130 – 143.