AWEJ for Translation & Literary Studies, Volume 4, Number2. May 2020 Pp.221- 232
Persona in Kazuo Ishiguro’s The Remains of the Day
Department of English
Faculty of Letters and Foreign languages
University of Abou Bekr Belkaid
This article studies the archetype of the persona in Kazuo Ishiguro’s novel, The Remains of the Day (1989). It deals with the journey that the protagonist Mr. Stevens takes through the unconscious in search of his real self, in which his true persona is revealed. The article mentions, also, the archetype of shadow, which is considered, in most cases, inseparable from the persona archetype. In this novel, the shadow helps the reader realize the true self of Mr. Stevens that has been covered for years by his misleading persona. The article clarifies to what extinct the absence of a real self leads to distorted archetypes. The article uses Carl Jung’s theory of individuation, concentrating mainly on the idea of archetypes. Thanks to memory, a real sense of self, and thus persona is discovered. The persona, in this article, is discussed as one of the astonishing abilities of the unconscious that enables people to hide a lot about their real selves behind it, reminding the reader, therefore, not to be cheated by the appearances.
Keywords: British persona, Carl Jung, Kazuo Ishiguro, self, shadow, The Remains of the Day, unconscious.
Cite as: GHARIRI, A. (2020). Persona in Kazuo Ishiguro’s The Remains of the Day. Arab World English Journal for Translation & Literary Studies 4 (2). 221- 232.
Gibson, K., Lathrop, D., Stern, E, M. (Eds.). (1991). Carl Jung and Soul Psychology. Routledge.
Guo, D.(2 012). Trauma, Memory and History in Kazuo Ishiguro’s Fiction. Theory and Practice
in Language Studies 2 (12), 2508-2516.
Harting, H. (2011). Sentiment and History in The Remains of The day. Otherness: Essays and
Studies 2 (1).
Ishiguro, K.(1989). The Remains of The Day. Faber and Faber Ltd.
Jung, C.G. (1972). Two Essays on Analytical Psychology ( G. Adler & R. F.C. Hull, Trans.) (2nd
ed.). Princeton University Press.
Jung, C. G. (1959). The Archetypes and The Collective Unconscious. (R.F.C. Hull, Trans.). New
Post-traumatic stress disorder: Basic Science and Clinical Practise. Princeton University Press.
Kellis, T. (2007). Equality: the Quest for the Happy Marriage. Gilgamesh Publishing
Learning, G, C. (2017). A Study Guide for Psychologists and Their Theories for Students: Carl
Jung. Gale, Study Guides.
MacDonald, G. (2014). Rebuilding your Broken World. Thomas Nelson Publishers.
Parkes, A. (2001). Kazuo Ishiguro’s the Remains of the Day: A Reader’s Guide. Continuum
International Publishing Group Ltd.
Rothgeb, C.L. (Ed.). (1994). Abstracts of the Collected Works of C.G. Jung. London, U.K.: H.