AWEJ for Translation & Literary Studies, Volume 6, Number 4. October  2022                         Pp.48-65
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awejtls/vol6no4.4

Full Paper PDF

Mystical Symbols of Divine Love in the Poetry of Omar Tarin and William Blake:
A Comparative Cognitive Analysis7 

Amatulhafeez Alvi
Centre for Research in Language and Linguistics
Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (National University of Malaysia)
Bangi, Malaysia.
Corresponding Author: alvi.amt@gmail.com

Ravichandran Vengadasamy
Centre for Research in Language and Linguistics
Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (National University of Malaysia)
Bangi, Malaysia.

Melissa Shamini Periasamy
Centre for Research in Language and Linguistics
Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (National University of Malaysia)
Bangi, Malaysia.

 

Received: 07 /01 /2022             Accepted: 09/ 23/2022               Published: 10/24/2022

 

Abstract:
This study is a comparative cognitive analysis of the identical symbols of Divine Love in the poetry of the oriental Pakistani poet Omer Tarin and the occidental English poet William Blake. It adopts the Mental Spaces theory in Cognitive Poetics and the theory of Perennialism in Comparative Mysticism as the main theoretical frameworks. The study aims at demonstrating the mental operation of meaning construction of these symbols and help deliver meaningful mystical perceptions of the human soul’s ineffable experience in its union with the Divine. Exploring mystical symbols via these theories will offer an accurate interpretation of the meaning of the abstract concepts based on the concrete ones and stipulate deeper insight into the commonality of the ambiguous feelings of the soul in Divine Love. Answering the question of the existence of identical symbols with mystical connotations, the study focusses on the symbols of Pipe, Woman, and Bird and reveals that despite the religious and cultural disparities between Omer Tarin and William Blake, there is a keen affinity between them as related to their unitary poetic-mystical consciousness of the soul’s experience in its search for the Divine, for which both poets have ingeniously utilized identical symbolism not only as a tool for artistic ornamentation but as a tool for cognitive orientation. The study endorses further research on mystical language and poetry from comparative and cognitive perspectives to corroborate the tenets of cognitive theories in comparative literary studies through cross-cultural research.
Keywords: cognitive analysis, comparative analysis, mystical symbols, Omer Tarin, William Blake

Cite as:  Alvi, A., Vengadasamy, R., & Perry, M. s.(2022).  Mystical Symbols of Divine Love in the Poetry of Omar Tarin and William Blake: A Comparative Cognitive Analysis. Arab World English Journal for Translation & Literary Studies 6 (4) 48-65.
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awejtls/vol6no4.4

References

Ahmed, Z. (2016). William Blake and Bulleh Shah: A Comparative Study of Their Mystical Poetry. Research on Humanities and Social Sciences, 6(7), 48-51.

Blake, W. (1968). Poetical Sketches. London: Basil Montagu Pickering.

Blake, W., Erdman, D. V., & Moore, D. K. (1977). The notebook of William Blake: A photographic and typographic facsimile. New York: Readex Books.

Bouyer, L. (1981). Mysticism: An Essay on the History of the Word. In R. Woods (ed.), Understanding Mysticism (pp. 42-55). London.

Brandt, L., & Brandt, P. A. (2005). Making sense of a Blend: A Cognitive Semiotic Approach to Metaphor. Annual Review of Cognitive Linguistics (3), p. 216-49.

Brandt, P. A. (2004). Spaces, Domains, and Meanings – Essays in Cognitive Semiotics. Bern/Berlin/New York: Peter Lang.

D’couto, R.B. (2015). The Role of Birds in English Literature and Poetry. International Journal of Science and Research, 5(4),1014-1015.

Erdman, D. (2008). The Complete Poetry and Prose of William Blake. California: University of California Press.

Evans, V., Bergen, B., & Zinken, J. (2007). The Cognitive linguistics enterprise: an overview. In V. Evans, B. Bergen, & J. Zinken (Eds.), The cognitive linguistics reader (pp. 2-36). (Advances in cognitive linguistics). Equinox Publishing Ltd.

Fauconnier, G. (1997). Mappings in Thought and Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Fauconnier, G., & Turner, M. B. (1995). Conceptual Integration and Formal Expression. Metaphor and Symbolic Activity,10 (3), 183-203.

Firouzabadi, M., & Islami, M. (2022). Reason, A Barrier or A Bridge to Pure Life: A Comparative Study of the Poems of Rumi and Blake. International Multidisciplinary Journal of “PURE LIFE”, 9 (29), 103-136.

Forman, R.K. C. (1997). Introduction: Mysticism, Constructivism, and Forgetting. In R. K. C. Forman (ed.), The Problem of Pure Consciousness: Mysticism and Philosophy (pp. 185-201). New York: OUP.

Huxley, A. (1945). Perennial philosophy. New York: Harper.

Kaur, M.N. (2020). William Blake’s Poetry- A Manifestation of Existential Mystical Expressions. PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt / Egyptology, 17(9), 7151 – 7157.

Khan, M.I. (2011). Of Heaven and Earth: A Short Interview with Omer Tarin. Available at ilyask2. https://ilyask2.wordpress.com/2011/11/28/interview-with-poet-omer-tarin-2011/

Khan, T., & Ullah, I. (2019). Sufism/Mysticism Symbolized in the Select Poetry of Omer Tarin. Al-Azhar, 5(2). 1-13.

Khwaja, M. A. (1999). The Poet as a Spiritual Being: Omer Tarin’s “Burnt Offerings”. Sungut: A Journal of the Humanities, 27 (3).

McKnight.G. (2012). Omer Tarin, Poet and Writer. Available at https://ginamc.blogspot.com/2014/12/omer-tarin-poet-writer.html

Muhammad, S. (2012). A Comparative Study of Jalal-Ud-Din Rumi and William Blake as Mystical Poets, (Unpublished Doctoral dissertation). International Islamic University Islamabad.

Nurbakhsh, J. (1984). Sufi Symbolism: The Nurbakhsh Encyclopedia of Sufi Terminology (Vol. 1, L. Lewisohn & T. Graham, trans.). London: Khaniqahi-Nimatullahi Publications.

Olsen, D. A. (2014). World flutelore: Folktales, myths, and other stories of magical flute power. Urbana [Illinois]: University of Illinois Press.

Omer Tarin. (n.d). Omer Tarin. Available at https://www.omertarin.com/.

Oroskhan, M.H. (2021). Devotional Mysticism: An Analogical Study of Hafez-e Shirazi and William Blake. Theory and Practice in Language Studies 11(5), 475-480. https://doi.org/10.17507/tpls.1105.03

Prasad, B. (2021). William Blake’s Mystical Vision of Contraries in Songs of Innocence and Songs of Experience. International Journal of Advance Study and Research Work, 3(11), 19–23.

Renfrew, S. J. (2003). Omer Tarin’s Poetry: A Critical Evaluation of Poetic Imagery in A Sad Piper’. Aulos: A Modern Poetry Journal, 12(2).

Sadozai, A. (2013). Safar-Namah by Omer Tarin: A Critical Note. Ellipsis literary magazine. USA: Vermont.

Sandburg, C. (2015). The People, Yes. London: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.

Sakalani, S. (2019). The Mysticism of William Blake and Rabindra Nath Tagore: A Comparative Study, (Unpublished Doctoral dissertation). Madhav University, Pindwara (Sirohi) Rajasthan.

Schubert, G. (1980). Women and Symbolism: Imagery and Theory. Oxford Art Journal, 3(1), 29-34.

Schuon, F. (1975). The Transcendent Unity of Religions, New York: Harper.

Spain, S.E. (2020). Heaven in a Wild Flower: William Blake’s Spirituality of Imagination, Mysticism, and Apocalypse. Published Honors Thesis. USA: Washington and Lee University, 2020).

Spurgeon, C. (1913). Mysticism in English literature. Michigan: University of Michigan Library.

Stockwell, M. (2002). Cognitive Poetics: An Introduction. London: Routledge.

Stoeber, M.  (2017). The Comparative Study of Mysticism. Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Religion.

Tarihoran, I. (2016). An Analysis of Spiritual Symbols in William Blake’s Poems, (Unpublished B.A Thesis). University Of Sumatera Utara.

Tarin, O. (1994). The Anvil of Dreams. Islamabad: Leo publishers.

Tarin, O. (1996). Burnt Offerings. Islamabad: Leo publishers.

Tarin, O. (1997). A Sad Piper. Islamabad: Leo publishers.

Tarin, O. (1997). The Harvest Season of Love Songs. Islamabad: Leo publishers.

Tsur, R. (1992). Toward a Theory of Cognitive Poetics. Amsterdam: North Holland.

Venkataramana, D. B. (2018). The Songs of Innocence-Blake’s Intuitive Flights into the Realm of the Absolute. International Journal Online of Humanities, 4(5), 1-10.

Womack, M. (2005). Symbols and Meaning: A Concise Introduction. California: AltaMira Press.

Facebook
Twitter
LinkedIn
Tumblr
Reddit
Email
StumbleUpon
Digg
Received: 07 /01 /2022
Accepted: 09/ 23/2022    
Published: 10/24/2022
http://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awejtls/vol6no4.4

AmatulHafeez Alvi is a Ph.D. Scholar at the National University of Malaysia, Malaysia, specializing in English poetry and poetics. She is a lecturer of English language and literature at King Khalid University, Saudi Arabia. Her research interests include English poetry and poetics, women’s writings, postcolonial literature, and English Language & literature teaching.
ORCiD ID https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9810-58877

 Ravichandran Vengadasamy (Ph.D.) is a senior lecturer and the Head of the Postgraduate Programme at the Centre for Research in Language and Linguistics, National University of Malaysia. His research and teaching interests include Malaysian literature in English, postcolonial literature, cognitive and literary stylistics and academic writing.
ORCiD ID https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5528-3026

Melissa Shamini Perry (Ph.D.) is senior lecturer at the Centre for Research in Language and Linguistics, Faculty of Social Science and Humanities-UKM. Her research interests are in Social Semiotics, Multimodality, Literary and Media studies, Transmedia Storytelling, Material Culture and Interculturalism.
ORCiD ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8089-6596