AWEJ for Translation & Literary Studies, Volume 5, Number3. August 2021 Pp.185-202
Faculty of Arts and Humanities
Dhar El Mehraz, Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdullah University, Fes, Morocco
Moroccan Berbers/Imazighen have undergone centuries of cultural and economic exchange with different foreign powers that crossed to the Maghreb throughout history. Following a significant process of interaction and interchange, the mode of life of the indigenous people has been significantly shaped. This might explain a great deal of present-day socio-cultural diversity enjoyed and exercised in Morocco. The present study aims at investigating aspects of Berber’s interaction with the various populations that landed on North Africa throughout history. The research study builds on the following question: How does the Berber heritage enhance an outlook of transnational exchange and cooperation? The study reaches out the conclusion that Moroccan Imazighen had cohabited and coexisted with different races since immemorial times. Moreover, the study infers that such a longstanding tradition of borderless socio-cultural and economic exchange may serve as a background legacy for present-day Moroccan transnationalism and universal coexistence.
Herouach, S. (2021). Moroccan Berber Patrimony: An Aptitude for Transnationalism and Universal Coexistence.
Arab World English Journal for Translation & Literary Studies 5 (3) 185-202.
Abun-Nassr, J. M. (1971). A History of the Maghrib. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Cartwright, M. (2016, April 28). The Phoenicians – Master Mariners. Retrieved from Ancient History Encyclopedia: https://www.ancient.eu/article/897/the-phoenicians—master-mariners/
Chafik, M. (2005). A Brief Survey of Thirty-Three Centuries of Amazigh History. Rabat: Royal Institution of Amazigh Cultutre, Center of Translation, Edition Documentation and Communication.
Elder, P. t. (1857). The Natural History of Pliny. London: Henry George Bohn.
Fage, J. (1978). The Cambridge History of Africa (Vol. II). New York: Cambridge University Press.
Foliot, F. (2020, August 31). Bronze Bust of Juba II. Retrieved from World History Encyclopedia: https://www.worldhistory.org/image/12639/bronze-bust-of-juba-ii/
Foucault, M. (2019). Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison (A. Sheridan, Trans.) London: Penguin Books Limited.
Frend, W. H. (2000). The Donatist Church: A Movement of Protest in Roman North Africa. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Fyle, C. M. (1999). Introduction to the History of African Civilization: Precolonial Africa (Vol. I). New York: University Press of America.
Herouach, S. (2019). Liberal Feminism Impact on Moroccan Educated Women: Faculty of Letters and Human Sciences, FLDM, as a Field Study. Open Political Science, II(1), 128–152. doi:https://doi.org/10.1515/openps-2019-0014.
Houtsma, M. T. (1993). E. J. Brill’s First Encyclopaedia of Islam, 1913-1936 (Vol. VI). Leiden: Leiden Brill.
Howe, M. (2005). Morocco: The Islamist Awakening and other Challenges. New York: Oxford University Press.
Joseph, F. (2003). The Lost Treasure of King Juba: The Evidence of Africans in America before Columbus. Washington: Amazon.
Kagan, D., Ozment, S. E., & Turner, F. M. (1987). The Western Heritage. New York : Macmillan.
King, A. (2020, September 01). Juba II. Retrieved from Ancient History Encyclopedia: https://www.ancient.eu/Juba_II.
Mackay, C. S. (2004). Ancient Roma: A Military and Political History. Cambridge: Cambridge University.
MacKendrick, P. (1980). The North African stones speak. Chapel Hill : University of North Carolina Press.
Mark, J. J. (2018, March 16). Kahina. Retrieved from Ancient History Encyclopedia: https://www.ancient.eu/Kahina/
Markoe, G. (2000). Phoenicians. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Montagne, R. (1973). The Berbers, their Social and Political Organization. London: Frank Cass and Company Limited.
Niebuhr, B. (2009). Lectures on the History of Rome: from the First Punic War to the Death of Constantine, Volume 2. London: Taylor and Walton.
Numidix. (2017, November 27). Masinissa. Retrieved from World History Encyclopedia: https://www.worldhistory.org/image/7693/masinissa/
Oberman, H. (1974). Luther and the Dawn of the Modern Era: Papers for the fourth International Congress for Luther Research. Leiden: E.J Brill .
Oliver, J. D. (2008). The Cambridge History of Africa (Vol. 1). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Pennell, G. (2003). Morocco from Empire to Independence. London: One World Publications.
Raven, S. (1993). Rome in Africa. Abingdon: Routledge.
Rouighi, R. (2019). Inventing the Berbers: History and Ideology in the Maghrib. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Sadiqi, F. (2014). Moroccan Feminist Discourses. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Saithip, P. (2014, September 14). History of the Beautiful Morocco. Retrieved from Intro to Contemporary Africa: https://sites.psu.edu/afr110/2014/09/24/history-of-the-beautiful-morocco/
Schaar, S. (2016). The Barbary Coast. In A. M. Josephy, Africa: a History. New York: New Word City.
Sinclair, M. (2017, February 2). A Brief History of the Ancient Roman City Volubilis, Morocco. Retrieved from Culture Trip: https://theculturetrip.com/africa/morocco/articles/a-brief-history-of-volubilis-morocco/
Stokes, J. (2009). Encyclopedia of the Peoples of Africa and the Middle East (Vols. I-II). (J. Stokes, Ed.) New York: Facts On File.
Terence. (2018, January 22). The self-tormentor (Heautontimorumenos). (R. Frederick, Performer) Publius Terentius, New York, New York, USA.
UNESCO. (1984). Tyre. Retrieved from UNESCO: https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/299/
UNESCO. (2001). Medina of Essaouira (formerly Mogador). Retrieved from UNESCO: https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/753
UNESCO. (2008). Archaeological Site of Volubilis. Retrieved from UNESCO: https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/836
Violatti, C. (2010, December 30). Cyrene. Retrieved from World History Encyclopedia: https://www.worldhistory.org/cyrene/
Weitzman, B. M. (2011). The Berber Identity Movement and the Challenge to North African States. Texas: University of Texas Press.
Wikipedia. (2020, October 25). Phoenicia. Retrieved from Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Phoenicia&oldid=985360718
Sofian Herouach is a Ph.D. researcher and a published author. He conducts research in the field of Social Sciences at Sidi Mohamed ben Abdellah University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Dhar El Mehraz, Fes, Morocco. So far, he has works published in peer-reviewed and indexed journals such as Open Political Science and AWEJ. Moreover, he is an active member in the educational sector, teaching ESL in public high school under the direction of the ministry of education, vocational training and scientific research. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2266-3668