AWEJ for Translation & Literary Studies, Volume 4, Number3. August 2020 Pp.129 -139
“Monument to Rottenness”:
Postcolonial Enclave Tourism in Jamaica Kincaid’s A Small Place
Samar H. Aljahdali
Department of English,College of Languages and Translation
University of Jeddah
Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Postcolonial criticism has recently recovered tourism from the margins of postcolonial studies. This paper aims to contribute to the postcolonial discourse on island tourism by exploring Jamaica Kincaid’s A Small Place (1988) as a discursive subversion of a tourism industry centered on the exclusion of local agency and history. Framed in postcolonial theory, the study focuses on enclave tourism as an unsustainable economy based on tourist/host division. It draws on Edensor’s (2000, 2001) and Carrigan’s (2010a, 2010b) conceptualizations of enclave tourism. Kincaid’s representation of postcolonial Antigua reveals the complicity of colonial legacy with unsustainable tourism development. Sites of ruins and decline become tourist attractions and monuments to rottenness, signifying the dispossession of the local Antiguans and the erasure of their culture. The study reveals how tourist enclaves, as represented in Kincaid’s travel narrative, do not only produce a divided and contrived space but also limit the tourist experience of the real Antigua.
Keywords: Island tourism, Enclave tourism, Postcolonial writing, Caribbean literature, Travel counter narrative, neocolonialism, Jamaica Kincaid, A Small Place
Cite as: Aljahdali, S. H. (2020). “Monument to Rottenness”: Postcolonial Enclave Tourism in Jamaica Kincaid’s A Small PlaceArab World English Journal for Translation & Literary Studies 4 (3) 129 -139.
Aitchison, C. (2001). Theorizing Other Discourses of Tourism, Gender, and Culture: Can the Subaltern Speak (in Tourism). Tourist Studies, 1 (2), 133-147. https://doi.org/10.1177/146879760100100202
Baleiro, R. & Quinteiro, S.. (2019). A Small Place, by Jamaica Kincaid: Envisioning Literary Tourism in Antigua. Journal of Tourism and Cultural Change. 17 (6), 676-688. http://doi.org/10.1080/14766825.2018.1529772
Beriault, J. (2017).‘I guess that’s another place they’ve ruined for us’: A Spatial Struggle against the Development of Commercial Tourism in Jamaica Kincaid’s A Small Place and Michelle Cliff’s No telephone to Heaven. Journal of Postcolonial Writing, 53(1), 1-14. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17449855.2017.1387870
Bruner, E. M. (2001). The Maasai and the Lion King: Authenticity, Nationalism, and Globalization in African Tourism. American Ethnologist, 24 (4), 881-908. DOI: 10.1525/ae.2001.28.4.881
Carrigan, A. (2014). Dark Tourism and Postcolonial Studies: Critical intersections. Postcolonial Studies, 17 (3), 236-250. https://doi.org/10.1080/13688790.2014.993425
Carrigan, A. (2010a). Postcolonial Tourism, Island Specificity, and Literary representation: Observations on Derek Walcott’s Omeros. Space and Culture, 13 (2), 154-163. https://doi.org/10.1177/1206331209358220
Carrigan, A. (2010b). Postcolonial Tourism: Literature, Culture and Environment, London: Routledge.
Edensor, T. (2001). Performing Tourism, Staging Tourism: (Re)producing Tourist Space and Practice. Tourist Studies, 1 (1), 59-81. https://doi.org/10.1177/146879760100100104
Edensor, T. (2000). Staging Tourism: Tourists as Performers. Annals of Tourism research, 27 (2), 322-344. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0160-7383(99)00082-1
Hall, C. M. & Tucker, H.(ed.). (2004). Tourism and Postcolonialism: Contested Discourses, Identities, and representations, London: Routledge.
Johnson, M, S. & Meenu, B. (2019). Counter-Travel Narrative of Resistance: An Analysis of Jamaica Kincaid’s A Small Place as a Counter-Travel Narrative. International Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering (IJITEE), 8 (7c), 214-216
Kincaid, J. (1988). A Small Place, New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux.
Marschall, S. (2004). Commodifying Heritage: Post-apartheid monuments and cultural Tourism in South Africa. In C. M. Hall & H. Tucker (ed.), Tourism and Postcolonialism: Contested Discourses, Identities, and representations, (pp. 95-112), London and New York: Routledge.
Ravi, S. (2011). Engaging the Postcolonial: Terrorism, Tourism, and Literary Cosmopolitanism in the Twenty First Century. International Journal of Canadian Studies, 44, 215-227. https://doi.org/10.7202/1010089
Saarinen, J. (2017). Enclavic Tourism Spaces: Territorialization and Bordering in Tourism Destination development and Planning. Tourism Geographies, 19(3), 425-437. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14616688.2016.1258433
TÜm, O. (2017). Tourism as a Medium of New-colonialism: A reading of Jamaica Kincaid’s A Small Place (1988). Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 1 (2), 103-112.
Urry, J. (1992). The Tourist Gaze Revisited. American Behavioral Scientist, 36 (2), 172-186. https://doi.org/10.1177/0002764292036002005