AWEJ for Translation & Literary Studies, Volume 7, Number 4. October 2023 Pp.132-143

Lane Moore’s How to Be Alone: Deconstruction of Contemporary Identity

Department of Modern Languages and Literatures
Faculty of Arts and Humanities
King Abdulaziz University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Department of Modern Languages and Literatures
Faculty of Arts and Humanities
King Abdulaziz University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia


This study explores contemporary concepts of identity as a post-postmodernist perception in Lane Moore’s (2018) Memoir, How to Be Alone. The significance of this study is that it examines the impact of cyberculture on human connections and the role of technology in shaping human perception of identity and personhood. It also sheds light on the effects of the internet in creating new social phenomena like ghosting and allowing individuals to transgress social boundaries. The study assesses the representation of the self in the memoir and its effect on the reinforcement of the author’s voice. It reveals that How to Be Alone is a text that adheres to the post-trauma paradigm that integrates a narration based on resilience and humor. The study further concludes that Moore’s memoir endorses twenty-first-century generic conventions and signifies the importance of the memoir, as a genre, in forming individuals’ social and cultural features. The study employs cyber-criticism, post-trauma theory, and post-postmodernism to evaluate the text’s generic conventions and narrative techniques. It offers fundamental inquiries: It questions the integration of technological conventions into post-postmodernist societies and examines the effect of this incorporation. It also inquires about the evolution of trauma. Finally, it has queries concerning post-postmodernist ideals and their development in the 21st century.

Cite as:

Alessa, M. R., & Al-Harby, N.   (2023). Lane Moore’s How to Be Alone: Deconstruction of Contemporary Identity. Arab World English Journal for Translation & Literary Studies 7 (4): 132-143.  DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awejtls/vol7no4.10


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Maram Alessa is an MA student and researcher in the Department of Modern Languages and Literatures at King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. She holds a beholder degree with first honors from Umm Al-Quora University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia. Her research interests are contemporary and post-postmodern literature, trauma theory, and cross-disciplinary Narrative Research. ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0009-0002-0762-9373

Dr. Nesreen Al-Harby is an Assistant Professor of English Literature at the Department of Modern Languages and Literatures, King Abdulaziz University (KAU) in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Her research interests fall within representations of Women in the cybersphere, cyber literature, Genre theory and effects of genre conventions and tropes on depicting social codes and cultural signs, representations of Arab/Muslim women and societies in Anglophone literature, and monstrosity. She has a PhD from the University of Leicester, UK. Her thesis investigates representations of Saudi women in contemporary Western literature and examines genre theory and the effects of genre appropriation and Orientalist discourse on literary depictions. ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4619-8863