AWEJ for Translation & Literary Studies, Volume 7, Number 4. October 2023 Pp.105-120

Frequency Analysis of Transition Words in Students’ Paragraphs

Department of English, College of Education
Salahaddin University, Erbil, Iraq


Transitional words make any piece of writing flow logically. If properly applied, they give writing cohesion and coherence. The use of proper transitions may be difficult for non-native speakers, particularly for second and foreign language learners. This study examines how frequently students use transitional phrases in their paragraphs. Thirty-six paragraphs written by students of the Department of English-College of Education at Salahaddin University in a writing course serve as the sample of the study. Knowing how frequently transitional words appear in student-written paragraphs is the main goal of the study. Depending on the research goal, the following questions are addressed by this study: How often do students use transitional words? What kinds of transitions do they typically use? The study can help teachers guide their students toward writing more effectively by suggesting appropriate transitions. The study uses quantitative content analysis to determine the frequency of transition words in paragraphs written by first-year students. Using JASP software that recognized and recorded the frequency of transition words, the paragraphs were examined. The outcomes reveal that students employ a range of transitional words, with “and” being the most popular transition. The results imply that students know how crucial transition words are for linking ideas in their writing. To learn more about how transition words and expressions affect the general coherence and clarity of students’ writing, more research is required.

Cite as:

Abdulla, B.I. F.  (2023). Frequency Analysis of Transition Words in Students’ Paragraphs.  Arab World English Journal for Translation & Literary Studies 7 (4): 105-120.
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awejtls/vol7no4.8


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Baraat Ismael FaqeAbdulla is an accomplished researcher and dedicated educator currently serving as an Assistant Lecturer of Language and Linguistics in the English Department-College of Education at Salahaddin University in Iraq. Her research interests include Pragmatics, Sociolinguistics, Literature, and Applied Linguistics. During her academic career, Baraat has made significant contributions to her areas of interest and has written some research articles that have been accepted in national journals. Orcid ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5800-685X