AWEJ for Translation & Literary Studies, Volume 5, Number4. October 2021                                       Pp. 140-152

Feminist Criticism in Virginia Woolf’s To the Lighthouse and Ibrahim Ahmed’s Janî Gel

The School of Foreign Languages, Final International University
Girne, North Cyprus


This paper investigates the concepts of Feminism and Feminist Criticisms to identify their features in two novels; Virginia Woolf’s To the Lighthouse and Ibrahim Ahmed’s Janî Gel. The theoretical and historical backgrounds of Feminism and the other Feminist Criticisms are presented according to their importance. The paper then introduces the two novels by presenting their plot summary. This paper tries to answer how two prominent writers, one British and one Kurdish, discuss women issues. The author wants to investigate whether both writers’ cultural upbringing and social background affect the way they present women in their respective novels. Through quotations taken from the novels, one learns about the writers’ ideas regarding women’s issues; economic, social, psychological, and political. In conclusion, the present study argues that women’s experiences in English society and Kurdish society have many similarities; however, despite the many similarities, there lay differences regarding the attitudes of both writers towards women issues and representation. For instance, Wood presents an ideal female character to oppose women’s traditional roles in society in her novel. On the other hand, Ahmed paints vivid imagery of what women go through without solid women characters. Thus, this paper hopes to provide future students and researchers with helpful material on Feminism, Feminist Criticisms, and the analysis of both novels, especially the Kurdish one, since research is scarce on it.

Cite as:

Mohammed, D. (2021). Feminist Criticism in Virginia Woolf’s To the Lighthouse and Ibrahim Ahmed’s Janî Gel. Arab World English Journal for Translation & Literary Studies 5 (4) 140-152.
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awejtls/vol5no4.10


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Diyar Jamal Mohammed is an Assistant Lecturer from Sulaymaniyah, Iraq. His Master’s Degree is in English Literature from Cyprus International University, North Cyprus (2016). As of 2019, he is a PhD candidate in English Language Teaching at Cyprus International University. His current research interests focus on literary criticism and language teaching methods.  ORCiD ID https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4123-4319