AWEJ for Translation & Literary Studies, Volume 6, Number1.  February 2022                              Pp.117- 135

An Ecocritical Reading of Selected Sidays in Baldesco’s Poetic Anthology “Kawit”

Education Program Supervisor-English, Department of Education
Schools Division of Calbayog City, Samar, Philippines


This paper unpacked and unearthed the ecocritical semantics in the Sidays of Filipino writer, Nemesio “Totoy” Baldesco who is widely recognized for his works in Siday, a form of Philippine poetry known for its distinct use of the Waray language spoken in the provinces of Samar and Leyte. Anchored on the principles of Ecocritical Theory, this paper sought to explore the ecocritical semantics (i.e. the symbolic lines, images, and symbolisms), and environmental meaning present in the six ecological Siday pieces from Baldesco’s poetic anthology. Results show that Baldesco’s Siday pieces contain ecocritical semantics that didactically moralizes people to protect the environment. Furthermore, the Siday pieces also moralize how humans should protect, preserve and conserve the environment. This paper concludes with a discussion on the need to promote and expand literary studies involving local literature in the Philippines.

Cite as:

Purcia, E. L. (2022). An Ecocritical Reading of Selected Sidays in Baldesco’s Poetic Anthology “Kawit”.
Arab World English Journal for Translation & Literary Studies 6(1) 117- 135.
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awejtls/vol6no1.9


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Erwin Lesbos Purcia is currently an Education Program Supervisor in English in the Department of Education- Schools Division of Calbayog City, Samar, Philippines. Prior to coming back to DepEd, he used to work as Associate Professor V in the University of Antique, Principal of the Basic Education Department and Dean of the School of Graduate Studies in Dr. Carlos S. Lanting College, Manila. He holds a Bachelor’s degree in Secondary Education major in English-Cum Laude at Northwest Samar State University, master’s degree in English at Christ the King College, Doctor of Arts in Language and Literature at the University of Eastern Philippines and post-doctorate in Quality Management in Higher Education at Centro Escolar University, Manila. Currently, he is pursuing another master’s degree in Research and Development Management in the University of the Philippines- Open University. ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3167-7746