AWEJ for Translation & Literary Studies, Volume 6, Number2.  May 2022                           Pp.176 -188
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awejtls/vol6no2.13

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A Marxist Reading of Lorraine Hansberry’s a Raisin in the Sun (1959) 

Ohood Alaqeel
Department of English, Faculty of Arts and Humanities
Aljouf University. Aljouf, Saudi Arabia
Email: osaqeel@ju.edu.sa


Received:  1/22/2022              Accepted: 5/15/2022               Published: 5/24/2022

 

Abstract:
This article investigates the political and social background of Lorraine Hansberry’s A Raisin in the Sun through the lens of Marxist theory. By asserting the thought that above all her commitments, Hansberry was devoted to the struggle for the progress of the human race. However, she recognized that this struggle had to be made according to the specific terms dictated by the time and country in which one lived. Her actions and writings left little doubt about what kinds of the stand she wanted her fellow humans to take in America in her day. The main question this article investigates is: How does Hansberry who is known to be Marxist in her views on life and art, employ this symbolic play to tackle the social concerns from the standpoint of her ideology? To argue this point from a Marxist point of view, this study pays more attention to Hansberry’s battle with the ideology of the dominant class in the United States and provides many quotes by Hansberry that demonstrate this argument. Consequently, the importance of this article is that it theorizes an alternative account of modernity and attempts to mount an operational critique against modernity and modernization.
Keywords: A Raisin in the Sun, African American literature, African American women, American Literature, Black feminism, Black power, civil rights, Lorraine Hansberry, Marxism materialism, slavery, Pan-Africanism, oppression, women

Cite as:  Alaqeel, O.  (2022). A Marxist Reading of Lorraine Hansberry’s a Raisin in the Sun (1959). Arab World English Journal for Translation & Literary Studies 6 (2) 176 -188.
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awejtls/vol6no2.13

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Received: 1/22/2022 
Accepted: 5/15/2022
Published: 5/24/2022
http://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awejtls/vol6no2.13

Ohood Al-Aqeel :is currently a member of teaching staff at the Department of English, Arts College, Al-Jouf University, Saudi Arabia. She holds a PhD in Drama from the University of Exeter. Most of her academic interests and research activities (MA, PhD, and publications) revolve around American literature and theatre, and the drama of the Saudi female playwrights.
ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2961-8552