AWEJ for Translation & Literary Studies, Volume 5, Number 1. February 2021 Pp.40-59
Arabic Contemporary Poetic Drama: Ali Ahmed Ba-Kathir A Pioneer
Yahya Saleh Hasan Dahami
English Department, Faculty of Science and Arts, Al Mandaq
Al Baha University, Sadia arabi
Received: 12/8/2020 Accepted: 2/9/2021 Published: 2/24/2021
Many central playwrights significantly contributed to the progress and advancement of Arabic drama. They were apt to achieve dramatic illustrations in several Arabic countries all the way through ages and places. Still, this study attempts to shed light on an innovator poet-dramatist who represents many cultures and experiences. It aims at displaying the most significant features of renovation associated with the development of the modern Arabic poetic drama that employs history and social problems to present a vision for Arabic literature in the contemporary age. The researcher adopts the critical-descriptive approach in analyzing the poet-dramatist, Ali Ahmad Ba-Kathir, and two of his poetic dramas. It is mapped with an introductory overview dealing with a concise notion of drama, concentrating predominantly on poetic drama. The foremost part copes with the developer and pioneer Ali Ahmad Ba-Kathir, focusing on his thoughts and experiences in the field. The paper, then, moves ahead to deal with two verse plays as a model of his craftsmanship and mastery. After that, the study finishes with a brief argument and/or recommendations and an end.
Keywords: Arabic drama, Arabic literature, Bakatheer, growth, innovation, Poetic drama
Cite as: Dahami, Y.S. H. (2021). Arabic Contemporary Poetic Drama: Ali Ahmed Ba-Kathir A Pioneer. Arab World English Journal for Translation & Literary Studies 5 (1): 40-59.
Albīr, A. (1970). Al-Adeeb: A Magazine Researches in Literature, Science, Politics and Sociology. Vol. 29. [aladyb: majalat tabhath fi aladab waleulum walsiyasat walaijtimae], Michigan: the University of Michigan.
Al-Hawari, M. (2017). Pioneers of Contemporary Arabic Literature (Real translation of 50 literary figures) [‘aelam al’adab alearabii almueasir (trajamat haqiqiat l 50 shakhsiatan ‘adabiya)], Beirut: Dar Al Kotob Al Ilmiyah.
Al-Kailani, N. (1987). On the Islamic Theater, second edition, Beirut, Lebanon: The Message Foundation [muasasat alrisalah].
Al-Khateeb, A. (2009). The Narrations of Ba-Kathir: Reading in the Vision and Forming, Amman: Dar Al Mamoun for Publishing and Distribution.
Al Shami, I. A. A. (2016). Ali Ahmad Bakathir, the Pioneer of Modern Arabic & Islamic Literature: A Study of his Literary Vision and Themes, Journal of Reading and Knowledge, University of Ein Shams.
As-San’ani, M. I. A. (2011). The Paths of Peace: Explanations for Reaching the Goals [subul alsalam sharah bulugh almaram], Dammam and other cities: Dar Ibn Al-Jawzi.
Badawi, M. M. (2004). Modern Arabic Drama in Egypt, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Bā-Kathīr, ‘A. A. (1978). Palace of Howdah, Cairo: Egypt Library Publications [Maṭbūʻāt Maktabat Miṣr].
Bā-Kathīr, ‘A. A. (1989). From above Seven Heavens (min fawq sabe samawat), Cairo: Egypt Bookstore for Offset Publication.
Bā-Kathīr, ‘A. A. (1964). The Art of the Play from My Personal Experiences [fan almasrahiat min khilal tajaribii alshakhsia], Dar Al Ma’refah, originally from the University of Michigan.
Bā-Kathīr, ‘A. A. (1934). Hammam in the Land of Al-Ahgaf, Cairo: Bookstore of Egypt [Maktabat Misr].
Carlson, M. (2019). Theatre and islam, London: Red Globe Press and Macmillan.
Coleridge, S.T. (2009). Biographia Literaria, Auckland, New Zealand: The Floating Press
Dahami, Y.S.H. (2020a). The Merits of Shakespeare’s The Tempest as a Poem, Global Scientific Journals, 8(11), 934-954.
Dahami, Y.S.H. (2020b). Eliot’s Treatment of the Chorus: A Steady Logical Structure (2) The Family Reunion and the Cocktail Party Case in Point, Journal of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences, 3(1), 76-82.
Dahami, Y.S.H. (2020c). Eliot’s Treatment of the Chorus: A Steady Logical Structure (3) The Confidential Clerk and The Elder Statesman: Case in Point, Journal of Arts, Language and Literature, 2(1), 1-8. DOI: 10.36346/sarjall.2020.v02i01.001
Dahami, Y.S.H. (2018b). The Ascent of F6: Exceptional Collaborative Case in Poetic Drama, Arab World English Journal for Translation & Literary Studies, 2(2), 156 -168. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awejtls/vol2no2.11
Dahami, Y.S.H. (2018a). Eliot‘s The Waste Land: Makings of a Play, Journal of Social Sciences: International, Scientific Refereed Journal, (6), 482-499.
Dahami, Y.S.H. (2017). Revival of Poetic Drama: T. S. Eliot’s Contribution to the Genre, Riga, Latvia: Noor Publishing.
Dahami, Y.S.H. (2016). Yeats: Resurgence of Poetic Drama in the Twentieth Century, Journal of Taibah University for Arts and Humanities, 5th Year, Issue (9), 1179-1217.
De Molina, D.N. (2013). The Literary Criticism of T. S. Eliot: New Essays, London and other cities: Bloomsbury.
Eliot, T.S. (2000). Selected Essays. Delhi: Doaba House Publications.
Ghuneem, K.A. et al (2018). The Play in the Second Age of Countries and States Part 1, The Center of Knowledge and Culture, Islamic University – Gaza.
Ittiḥād al-Kuttāb al-ʻArab. (2004). al-Mawqif al-adabī, Issues 393-394 originally from the University of Michigan.
Jackson, V. and Yopie, P. (2014). The Lyric Theory Reader: A Critical Anthology, Baltimore, Maryland: John Hopkins University Press.
Meisami, J.S. and Starkey, P. (1998). Encyclopedia of Arabic Literature. Vol. 1, London and New York: Routledge.
Munaif, A. (2006). Biography of the City of Amman in the Forties, Amman: The Arab Foundation for Studies and Publishing.
Rābiṭat al-Adab al-Islāmī, (1993). Majallat al-adab al-Islāmī, Issues 1-4, Originally from University of Minnesota.
Saqr, M-. A’. (1991). In Contemporary Theatrical literature in Egypt [fi al’adab almusarahii almueasir fi misr], Michigan: the University of Michigan.
Sampson, G. (2015). Coleridge Biographia Literaria Chapters I–IV, XIV–XXII, Wordsworth Prefaces and Essays on Poetry 1800–1815, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Skaff, W. (1986). The Philosophy of T.S. Eliot: From Skepticism to a Surrealist Poetic, 1909-1927, Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.