AWEJ for Translation & Literary Studies, Volume2, Number 1, February 2018                                              Pp. 60-75

Social Transformations in the Women’s Short Stories in Egypt, 2011-2017

Mohammed Almahfali

Center for Middle Eastern Studies
Social Science Faculty, Lund University, Lund. Sweden

Rafah Barhoum

Center for Middle Eastern Studies
Social Science Faculty, Lund University, Lund. Sweden


Abstract PDF

This study primarily draws on genetic structuralism in unraveling social transformations embedded in short stories written by Egyptian authoresses. It also makes use of feminist concepts given that the content in question is written by Egyptian women writers and hence blends general social transformations with those affected by feminism. Four Egyptian authoresses were selected for this study along with samples of their literary works, written between 2011 and 2017, in an attempt to unpick the social transformations taking place in the short story during that critical period. The study shows that social transformations begin with the subject that is aware of those transformations embedded in the short story and taking different forms. It, in addition, underlines the impact and significance of the setting and how it is used by the women writers to locate and shed light on those transformations. Moreover, there are two types of social transformations, namely negative transformation, embodied in the deterioration of social relations or any undesired behavior, and positive transformation, characterized by the awareness of the subject of the sources of power in relation to the act of change and the influence of the revolutionary action on it. In addition, feminist conceptions are shown to be used in resisting male dominance and its relation to social oppression.

Cite as:

Almahfali, M., & Barhoum, R. (2018). Social Transformations in the Women’s Short Stories in Egypt, 2011-2017. Arab World English Journal for Translation & Literary Studies, 2 (1).


Mohammed Almahfali is a fellow researcher at CMES. He received his Ph.D. in Arabic literature
form Cairo University in 2014, and worked at Hadhramout University, Yemen as an assistant
professor. He is currently working on RAPP project aims to write an annotated bibliography about
Human Rights in Arab world.

Rafah Barhoum is a researcher, language training expert, and translator at Center for Middle
Eastern Studies at Lund University Rafah works on a number of projects that focus on Syrian
culture and identity, the Syrian diaspora, sustainability and education strategies in response to the
on-going crisis. Other research interests concern human rights issues, especially women’s rights,
religion and minorities in the Middle East.